Essay on Air Pollution in English: Air is an essential element of life on earth. Without air, the life of human beings is impossible. However, due to the changes taking place on Earth, the amount of oxygen is gradually decreasing, and many types of toxic gases are dissolving in it. In simple words, air pollution occurs due to chemicals, particulate matter, dust, toxic gases, organic matter, carbon dioxide, and other pollutants in clean air. Human activities are the main contributors to this problem.
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What is Air Pollution?
Air pollution is a pressing concern when the level of dangerous substances like gases, particles, and organic molecules in the atmosphere becomes alarmingly high. This condition contaminates the atmosphere, making it poisonous, and poses significant harm to humans and animals.
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Sources of Air Pollution
- Natural Events: The eruption of a volcano is a major natural process that can significantly pollute the atmosphere.
- Forest Fires: Forest fires are another natural source of air pollution.
- Methane Gas: Decomposition of substances in marshy areas releases methane gas, contributing to pollution.
- Plant Emissions: Hydrogen compounds and pollen grains produced by certain plants can also cause pollution.
- Fog: Atmospheric fog can exacerbate pollution levels.
- Household Activities: The burning of fuels such as wood, coal, dung cakes, kerosene, and gas in regular household activities contributes to air pollution.
- Vehicle Emissions: All energy-driven vehicles emit harmful pollutants through internal combustion, releasing toxic gases and particles like carbon monoxide and lead, which increase air pollution.
- Smog Formation: Oxides of nitrogen released from petrol and diesel vehicles react with hydrocarbons in sunlight to form lethal photochemical smog.
Side-effects of Air Pollution
Air pollution leads to the thinning of the ozone layer, exposing us to harmful sun rays and increasing the risk of skin cancer.
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- Health Issues: Asthma, cancer, headaches, stomach diseases, allergies, and heart diseases can result from exposure to air pollution, severely impacting human health.
- Oxygen Depletion: The gradual reduction in oxygen levels in our atmosphere is detrimental to human existence.
- Environmental Imbalance: High levels of pollution contribute to environmental instability, leading to frequent disasters and calamities.
- Acid Rain: Air pollution introduces harmful substances into the atmosphere, contributing to the occurrence of acid rain.
Air pollution is a deadly menace that threatens all life on Earth. It is imperative to control this problem, or life as we know it could be erased. While governments have made efforts to combat air pollution, it is also our responsibility to implement these measures. Actions such as reducing plastic usage, regulating factory establishments, promoting the use of non-leaded antiknock agents in petrol, and increasing tree plantation efforts are crucial steps in the fight against air pollution.
In conclusion, tackling air pollution is not only a duty but a necessity to secure a cleaner and healthier future for our planet and its inhabitants.